The ginger (Zingiber officinale) is a species of plants native to Asia whose rhizome is used in cooking and traditional medicine. This rhizome is a spice very used in a large number of Asian cuisines, and in particular in Indian cuisine that has taken it since the dawn of time. Arab merchants called it zenj, a word by which they also referred to the inhabitants of the east coast of Africa and where the name Zanzibar comes from, where the Arabs went to get ginger. India and China alone produce more than 50% of the world’s ginger production. They are followed by Indonesia and Nigeria, which provide more than 33%. Ginger is available as a mother tincture, essential oil and rhizome powder Several confuse ginger and ginseng. These plants are very different. Ginger is tonic and energetic. Ginseng is an aphrodisiac.
Phytonutrients and minerals
Ginger contains gingerols, paradols, and shagaols, anticancer compounds, as mentioned in a study published in the Journal of Food and Chemical Toxicology. It is also its shagaols, its paradols but also its zingerones that give the pungent flavor of ginger. Its rhizome is very rich in starch (60%). It contains proteins, fats (10%), essential oil and a resin. The concentration of gingerol, a major constituent of fresh ginger, is lower in dried ginger, while the concentration of shogaol Increases. Ginger is also an excellent source of manganese. Ginger essential oil is usually obtained by steam distillation of rhizomes. Its essential oil contains sesquiterpenes, mono terpenes and their derivatives. It takes about 50 kg of dry rhizomes to obtain 1 kg of essential oil. From the rhizome of ginger are extracted an oleoresin and an essential oil.
Its medicinal virtues
Many attribute aphrodisiac properties to its magnesium-rich rhizome. On the other hand, Western medicine does not officially recognize this type of effects because there are very few clinical studies on these subjects. This is true for all aphrodisiacs that are part of Chinese and Indian medicine in particular.
According to some studies, ginger may decrease inflammation-related pain, especially in people who suffer from arthritis. It would therefore be a natural anti-inflammatory
Prostate, ovarian and colorectal cancer:
An American study, published in the British Journal of Nutrition,found that ginger extract can stop the development of prostate cancer cells in men. The results showed that ginger extract reduces the development of prostate cancer in about 56% of the subjects. It would be extremely effective in killing cancer cells of the prostate, but also ovaries and colorectal cancer. Moreover, some believe that the anti-cancer properties of ginger are even stronger than chemotherapy. Several researches are underway to validate these results.
Consumption of ginger would lower the levels of cholesterol, blood triglycerides, fatty acids and phospholipids.
Ginger would help digestion by stimulating the secretion of bile and the activity of digestive enzymes.
Ginger is also used to combat nausea and vomiting caused by seas sickness, pregnancy and minor surgeries.
Flu and migraines:
Ginger helps alleviate the symptoms of colds, flu and migraine.
Its sexual virtues
Ginger is also known to boost the libido of both men and women.